FCU-MINE SURVEYING EXAM SYLLABUS
FCU- MINE SURVEYING EXAM SYLLABUS
Linear measurement: Instruments for measuring distance ranging, chain surveying; errors in chaining and plotting;
EDM : Principles of measurements; types; correction and selection of instrument.
Angular measurement: Prismatic compass; bearing of lines; local attraction; magnetic declination.
Plan Table Surveying: methods contouring using plane table and micro-optic alidade.
Miners’ dials and other compass instruments: dialing; loose and fast needle surveying.
Theodolite: Modern micro-optic theodolites; measurement of horizontal and vertical angles; theodolite traversing;
traverse calculation; computation of coordinates; adjustment of traverse; temporary and permanent adjustment.
Total Stations: Surveying by Total stations, errors, adjustments and applications.
Levelling: Levelling instrument types of leveling; booking and reduction methods; temporary and permanent adjustment
of levels; geometrical, trigonometric and physical leveling; characteristics and uses of contours; methods of contouring;
traverse; co-ordinates and leveling problems.
Controlled surveys: Triangulation; trilateration; application of GPS and Total Station in mine surveying.
Use, care, testing, and adjustments of instruments.
Field astronomy: Astronomical terms; determination of true bearing by equal altitude method; Gyro theodolite;
principle and determination of Gyro north, astronomical triangle; conversion of time systems and precise determination
of azimuth by astronomical methods.
National grid: Map projection Cassini Lambert’s polyconic and universal transfers Mercator; transformation of
coordinates, vertical projections; mine models.
Geodesy: Geod, spheroid and ellipsoid, geocentric, geodetic and astronomical coordinates orthometric and dynamic
Photogrammetry: Introduction; scale of a vertical photograph; photographs versus maps; application of
photogrammetry and remote sensing in mining.
Correlation: Method of correlation surface and underground including Gyro Laser combination.
Theory of errors and adjustments: Causes and classification of errors; inclines of precision; laws of weight
propagation and adjustment of errors; adjustment of triangulation figures.
Surveying of flat, moderately and steeply inclined and vertical workings: control of direction and gradient in drifts
and roadways; traversing along steep working with or without auxiliary telescopes.
Area and volume calculation; different methods and their limitations: earth work and building estimation; laying out
of rail and haul road curves, gradients of haul roads / ramps, measurement of depths of incline roadways and shafts;
determination of azimuth latitude and longitude.
Borehole surveying and calculations, dip, strike, outcrop and fault problems.
Types of plans, their preparation, care, storage and preservation: legislation concerning mine plans and sections;
duties and responsibilities of surveyors.
Geological map reading.
Profiling of benches, highwall, dumps
Dump / Highwall stability monitoring using different instruments like Laser Scanner / Continuous Real Time
Application of computers in mine surveying and preparation of mine plan, 3D laser profiling of surfaces and
bench / slopes.