Accidents / Incidences due to exposure to high atmospheric temperature
Heat stroke :- Heat stroke generally occurs when body stop adjusting to the temperature by sweating and can't keep up with the heat. It is characterized by hot, dry, red skin that is
warm or hot to touch and immediate medical attention is needed in such cases.
Heat exhaustion:- Heat exhaustion is caused by loss of large amount of fluid from the body. A worker with heat exhaustion continues to sweat but their body cannot keep up
with the heat. The worker may have a headache, fatigue or flu like symptoms. In most cases workers need to rest, cool down and drink plenty of fluid.
Heat cramps :- workers may suffer from cramps and painful muscle spasm. This happens when workers drink water to replace fluid they loose from sweating but don’t replace the
body's loss of salt. Drinking fluids with electrolyte replacements ingredients are recommended in such cases.
Heat syncope :- Heat syncope is a fainting episode or dizziness that usually occurs with prolonged standing or sudden rising from sitting or lying position. Factors that may
contribute to heat syncope include dehydration and lack of acclimatisation.
Heat rash :- Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot or humid weather.
(Cir. Tech 01/2015)